特约供稿 · 2019-05-14 09:25

Uber, Google, IBM,

Uber, Google, IBM, and others join Urban Computing Foundation to create tools for 'cities of tomorrow'

The Linux Foundation, the nonprofit technology consortium that supports Linux's growth, standardization, and commercial adoption, today announced a new industry-wide effort to create a common set of software required to "support the cities of tomorrow." The freshly minted Urban Computing Foundation will offer a forum for developers to build open source tools that connect cities, autonomous vehicles, and smart infrastructure, and that target ongoing challenges in multimodal transportation and civil engineering.

Initial contributors include developers from Uber, Facebook, Google, Here Technologies, and IBM, as well as Interline Technologies, Senseable City Labs, StreetCred Labs, and the University of California San Diego.

"As a founding participant with the Urban Computing Foundation, Uber is honored to contribute Kepler.gl as the initiative's first official project," said Travis Gorkin, Uber data visualization lead. "Technologies like Kepler.gl have the capacity to advance urban planning by helping policymakers and local governments gain critical insights and better understand data about their cities."

According to Linux Foundation executive director Jim Zemlin, the Foundation will adopt an open governance model developed by the Technical Advisory Council (TAC), which will include "technical and IP stakeholders" in urban computing who'll guide its work through projects by review and curation. The intent, added Zemlin, is to provide platforms to developers who seek to address traffic congestion, pollution, and other problems plaguing modern metros.

Here's the list of TAC members:

  • Drew Dara-Abrams, principal, Interline Technologies
  • Oliver Fink, director Here XYZ, Here Technologies
  • Travis Gorkin, engineering manager of data visualization, Uber
  • Shan He, project leader of Kepler.gl, Uber
  • Randy Meech, CEO, StreetCred Labs
  • Michal Migurski, engineering manager of spatial computing, Facebook
  • Drishtie Patel, product manager of maps, Facebook
  • Paolo Santi, senior researcher, MIT
  • Max Sills, attorney, Google

The first project hosted by the Urban Computing Foundation is Kepler.gl, Uber's open source, no-code geospatial analysis tool for creating large-scale data sets. Kepler, which was released in 2018, is currently used by Airbnb, Atkins Global, Cityswifter, Lime, Mapbox, Sidewalk Labs, and UBILabs, among others to generate visualizations of location data.

"During moments of both technology disruption and opportunity, open development is critical for enabling interoperability and speeding adoption," said Zemlin. "The Urban Computing Foundation is poised to provide the compatibility tools and resources for developers to create software that can map out and operate technology services in any given urban area, ensuring safety and equitable access to transportation."

The Linux Foundation, which was founded in 2000, has more than 1,000 corporate members, including automakers Ford, Mazda, Honda, Subaru, and Suzuki, as well as suppliers like Denso, Panasonic, and LG; software giants Microsoft and IBM; and chip industry incumbents such as Nvidia, Intel, and Arm. The organization's work in urban computing builds on Enabling Linux in Safety Applications (ELISA), an open source project comprising tools intended to help companies build and certify Linux-based systems whose failure could result in loss of human life, significant property damage, or environmental damage, and on SIL2LinuxMP, a project targeting the certification of embedded safety-critical Linux systems on off-the-shelf computer boards.

 

 

节能环保技术:

当地时间56日,伯克利实验室称研发出新型可回收塑料,实现100%回收。实验室研究人员称这种塑料可以直接还原到其分子成分然后根据需要重新"组装"。这种新塑料被称为PDK。实验室将一块PDK塑料浸入酸中,PDK塑料被有效分解,将所得单体重建成新塑料,不会受原有颜色和其他属性影响。不仅仅只有酸能破坏其分子键,也可以使用热或其他化学催化剂使其恢复到单体状态。PDK和其他可回收塑料最终的目标是使塑料行业更加可循环。

据联合国统计,每年全球约生产3亿吨塑料废物,塑料垃圾已经进入海洋最深处。塑料是一种难以回收的材料,大部分塑料垃圾最终都会被填埋或焚烧。

实验室认为现在需要考虑回收所需的基础设施,以便未来进行废物分类和处理。如果涉及得当,未来就能更有效地将塑料从垃圾填埋场和海洋中转移出来。

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